Importantly, over late childhood and adolescence, there seems to be a lack of synchrony in the development of two of the critical brain systems that enable fully adaptive behavior.
The ‘rational’ cognitive system, which allows for understanding a problem and arriving at a solution, appears to be well formed at age 16. This seems in step with the maturation of frontal cortex, and on testing a child may give appropriate, adult-like, answers.
However, the system for effective use of information in context – balancing
long term consequences with immediate social and emotional concerns – does not develop in synchrony with such rationality , and so there is a ‘gap’ between the
Studies show that adolescents and young adults become poorer at
responding on problem solving tasks when the complexity of emotion is added . Such tasks would likely involve the interaction of functions across a range of brain areas…
View original post 339 more words